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core.h

#ifndef __SOUND_CORE_H
#define __SOUND_CORE_H

/*
 *  Main header file for the ALSA driver
 *  Copyright (c) 1994-2001 by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
 *
 *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *   (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *   GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
 *
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>            /* wake_up() */
#include <linux/mutex.h>            /* struct mutex */
#include <linux/rwsem.h>            /* struct rw_semaphore */
#include <linux/pm.h>               /* pm_message_t */
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/stringify.h>

/* number of supported soundcards */
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DYNAMIC_MINORS
#define SNDRV_CARDS 32
#else
#define SNDRV_CARDS 8         /* don't change - minor numbers */
#endif

#define CONFIG_SND_MAJOR      116   /* standard configuration */

/* forward declarations */
#ifdef CONFIG_PCI
struct pci_dev;
#endif

/* device allocation stuff */

#define SNDRV_DEV_TYPE_RANGE_SIZE         0x1000

typedef int __bitwise snd_device_type_t;
#define     SNDRV_DEV_TOPLEVEL      ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_CONTROL ((__force snd_device_type_t) 1)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_LOWLEVEL_PRE  ((__force snd_device_type_t) 2)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_LOWLEVEL_NORMAL ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0x1000)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_PCM           ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0x1001)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_RAWMIDI ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0x1002)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_TIMER         ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0x1003)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_SEQUENCER     ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0x1004)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_HWDEP         ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0x1005)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_INFO          ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0x1006)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_BUS           ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0x1007)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_CODEC         ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0x1008)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_JACK          ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0x1009)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_LOWLEVEL      ((__force snd_device_type_t) 0x2000)

typedef int __bitwise snd_device_state_t;
#define     SNDRV_DEV_BUILD         ((__force snd_device_state_t) 0)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_REGISTERED    ((__force snd_device_state_t) 1)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_DISCONNECTED  ((__force snd_device_state_t) 2)

typedef int __bitwise snd_device_cmd_t;
#define     SNDRV_DEV_CMD_PRE ((__force snd_device_cmd_t) 0)
#define     SNDRV_DEV_CMD_NORMAL    ((__force snd_device_cmd_t) 1)      
#define     SNDRV_DEV_CMD_POST      ((__force snd_device_cmd_t) 2)

struct snd_device;

00079 struct snd_device_ops {
      int (*dev_free)(struct snd_device *dev);
      int (*dev_register)(struct snd_device *dev);
      int (*dev_disconnect)(struct snd_device *dev);
};

00085 struct snd_device {
      struct list_head list;        /* list of registered devices */
      struct snd_card *card;        /* card which holds this device */
      snd_device_state_t state;     /* state of the device */
      snd_device_type_t type;       /* device type */
      void *device_data;            /* device structure */
      struct snd_device_ops *ops;   /* operations */
};

#define snd_device(n) list_entry(n, struct snd_device, list)

/* main structure for soundcard */

00098 struct snd_card {
      int number;             /* number of soundcard (index to
                                                snd_cards) */

      char id[16];                  /* id string of this card */
      char driver[16];        /* driver name */
      char shortname[32];           /* short name of this soundcard */
      char longname[80];            /* name of this soundcard */
      char mixername[80];           /* mixer name */
      char components[128];         /* card components delimited with
                                                space */
      struct module *module;        /* top-level module */

      void *private_data;           /* private data for soundcard */
      void (*private_free) (struct snd_card *card); /* callback for freeing of
                                                private data */
      struct list_head devices;     /* devices */

      unsigned int last_numid;      /* last used numeric ID */
      struct rw_semaphore controls_rwsem; /* controls list lock */
      rwlock_t ctl_files_rwlock;    /* ctl_files list lock */
      int controls_count;           /* count of all controls */
      int user_ctl_count;           /* count of all user controls */
      struct list_head controls;    /* all controls for this card */
      struct list_head ctl_files;   /* active control files */

      struct snd_info_entry *proc_root;   /* root for soundcard specific files */
      struct snd_info_entry *proc_id;     /* the card id */
      struct proc_dir_entry *proc_root_link;    /* number link to real id */

      struct list_head files_list;  /* all files associated to this card */
      struct snd_shutdown_f_ops *s_f_ops; /* file operations in the shutdown
                                                state */
      spinlock_t files_lock;        /* lock the files for this card */
      int shutdown;                 /* this card is going down */
      int free_on_last_close;       /* free in context of file_release */
      wait_queue_head_t shutdown_sleep;
      struct device *dev;           /* device assigned to this card */
      struct device *card_dev;      /* cardX object for sysfs */

#ifdef CONFIG_PM
      unsigned int power_state;     /* power state */
      struct mutex power_lock;      /* power lock */
      wait_queue_head_t power_sleep;
#endif

#if defined(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS) || defined(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS_MODULE)
      struct snd_mixer_oss *mixer_oss;
      int mixer_oss_change_count;
#endif
};

#ifdef CONFIG_PM
static inline void snd_power_lock(struct snd_card *card)
{
      mutex_lock(&card->power_lock);
}

static inline void snd_power_unlock(struct snd_card *card)
{
      mutex_unlock(&card->power_lock);
}

static inline unsigned int snd_power_get_state(struct snd_card *card)
{
      return card->power_state;
}

static inline void snd_power_change_state(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int state)
{
      card->power_state = state;
      wake_up(&card->power_sleep);
}

/* init.c */
int snd_power_wait(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int power_state);

#else /* ! CONFIG_PM */

#define snd_power_lock(card)        do { (void)(card); } while (0)
#define snd_power_unlock(card)            do { (void)(card); } while (0)
static inline int snd_power_wait(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int state) { return 0; }
#define snd_power_get_state(card)   ({ (void)(card); SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0; })
#define snd_power_change_state(card, state)     do { (void)(card); } while (0)

#endif /* CONFIG_PM */

00185 struct snd_minor {
      int type;               /* SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_XXX */
      int card;               /* card number */
      int device;             /* device number */
      const struct file_operations *f_ops;      /* file operations */
      void *private_data;           /* private data for f_ops->open */
      struct device *dev;           /* device for sysfs */
};

/* return a device pointer linked to each sound device as a parent */
static inline struct device *snd_card_get_device_link(struct snd_card *card)
{
      return card ? card->card_dev : NULL;
}

/* sound.c */

extern int snd_major;
extern int snd_ecards_limit;
extern struct class *sound_class;

void snd_request_card(int card);

int snd_register_device_for_dev(int type, struct snd_card *card,
                        int dev,
                        const struct file_operations *f_ops,
                        void *private_data,
                        const char *name,
                        struct device *device);

/**
 * snd_register_device - Register the ALSA device file for the card
 * @type: the device type, SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_XXX
 * @card: the card instance
 * @dev: the device index
 * @f_ops: the file operations
 * @private_data: user pointer for f_ops->open()
 * @name: the device file name
 *
 * Registers an ALSA device file for the given card.
 * The operators have to be set in reg parameter.
 *
 * This function uses the card's device pointer to link to the
 * correct &struct device.
 *
 * Returns zero if successful, or a negative error code on failure.
 */
static inline int snd_register_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev,
                              const struct file_operations *f_ops,
                              void *private_data,
                              const char *name)
{
      return snd_register_device_for_dev(type, card, dev, f_ops,
                                 private_data, name,
                                 snd_card_get_device_link(card));
}

int snd_unregister_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev);
void *snd_lookup_minor_data(unsigned int minor, int type);
int snd_add_device_sysfs_file(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev,
                        struct device_attribute *attr);

#ifdef CONFIG_SND_OSSEMUL
int snd_register_oss_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev,
                      const struct file_operations *f_ops, void *private_data,
                      const char *name);
int snd_unregister_oss_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev);
void *snd_lookup_oss_minor_data(unsigned int minor, int type);
#endif

int snd_minor_info_init(void);
int snd_minor_info_done(void);

/* sound_oss.c */

#ifdef CONFIG_SND_OSSEMUL
int snd_minor_info_oss_init(void);
int snd_minor_info_oss_done(void);
#else
static inline int snd_minor_info_oss_init(void) { return 0; }
static inline int snd_minor_info_oss_done(void) { return 0; }
#endif

/* memory.c */

int copy_to_user_fromio(void __user *dst, const volatile void __iomem *src, size_t count);
int copy_from_user_toio(volatile void __iomem *dst, const void __user *src, size_t count);

/* init.c */

extern struct snd_card *snd_cards[SNDRV_CARDS];
int snd_card_locked(int card);
#if defined(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS) || defined(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS_MODULE)
#define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_REGISTER     0
#define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_DISCONNECT   1
#define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_FREE   2
extern int (*snd_mixer_oss_notify_callback)(struct snd_card *card, int cmd);
#endif

int snd_card_create(int idx, const char *id,
                struct module *module, int extra_size,
                struct snd_card **card_ret);

int snd_card_disconnect(struct snd_card *card);
int snd_card_free(struct snd_card *card);
int snd_card_free_when_closed(struct snd_card *card);
void snd_card_set_id(struct snd_card *card, const char *id);
int snd_card_register(struct snd_card *card);
int snd_card_info_init(void);
int snd_card_info_done(void);
int snd_component_add(struct snd_card *card, const char *component);
int snd_card_file_add(struct snd_card *card, struct file *file);
int snd_card_file_remove(struct snd_card *card, struct file *file);

#define snd_card_set_dev(card, devptr) ((card)->dev = (devptr))

/* device.c */

int snd_device_new(struct snd_card *card, snd_device_type_t type,
               void *device_data, struct snd_device_ops *ops);
int snd_device_register(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data);
int snd_device_register_all(struct snd_card *card);
int snd_device_disconnect(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data);
int snd_device_disconnect_all(struct snd_card *card);
int snd_device_free(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data);
int snd_device_free_all(struct snd_card *card, snd_device_cmd_t cmd);

/* isadma.c */

#ifdef CONFIG_ISA_DMA_API
#define DMA_MODE_NO_ENABLE    0x0100

void snd_dma_program(unsigned long dma, unsigned long addr, unsigned int size, unsigned short mode);
void snd_dma_disable(unsigned long dma);
unsigned int snd_dma_pointer(unsigned long dma, unsigned int size);
#endif

/* misc.c */
struct resource;
void release_and_free_resource(struct resource *res);

/* --- */

#if defined(CONFIG_SND_DEBUG) || defined(CONFIG_SND_VERBOSE_PRINTK)
void __snd_printk(unsigned int level, const char *file, int line,
              const char *format, ...)
     __attribute__ ((format (printf, 4, 5)));
#else
#define __snd_printk(level, file, line, format, args...) \
      printk(format, ##args)
#endif

/**
 * snd_printk - printk wrapper
 * @fmt: format string
 *
 * Works like printk() but prints the file and the line of the caller
 * when configured with CONFIG_SND_VERBOSE_PRINTK.
 */
#define snd_printk(fmt, args...) \
      __snd_printk(0, __FILE__, __LINE__, fmt, ##args)

#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG
/**
 * snd_printd - debug printk
 * @fmt: format string
 *
 * Works like snd_printk() for debugging purposes.
 * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is not set.
 */
#define snd_printd(fmt, args...) \
      __snd_printk(1, __FILE__, __LINE__, fmt, ##args)

/**
 * snd_BUG - give a BUG warning message and stack trace
 *
 * Calls WARN() if CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is set.
 * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is not set.
 */
#define snd_BUG()       WARN(1, "BUG?\n")

/**
 * snd_BUG_ON - debugging check macro
 * @cond: condition to evaluate
 *
 * When CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is set, this macro evaluates the given condition,
 * and call WARN() and returns the value if it's non-zero.
 * 
 * When CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is not set, this just returns zero, and the given
 * condition is ignored.
 *
 * NOTE: the argument won't be evaluated at all when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG=n.
 * Thus, don't put any statement that influences on the code behavior,
 * such as pre/post increment, to the argument of this macro.
 * If you want to evaluate and give a warning, use standard WARN_ON().
 */
#define snd_BUG_ON(cond)      WARN((cond), "BUG? (%s)\n", __stringify(cond))

#else /* !CONFIG_SND_DEBUG */

#define snd_printd(fmt, args...)    do { } while (0)
#define snd_BUG()             do { } while (0)
static inline int __snd_bug_on(int cond)
{
      return 0;
}
#define snd_BUG_ON(cond)      __snd_bug_on(0 && (cond))  /* always false */

#endif /* CONFIG_SND_DEBUG */

#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE
/**
 * snd_printdd - debug printk
 * @format: format string
 *
 * Works like snd_printk() for debugging purposes.
 * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE is not set.
 */
#define snd_printdd(format, args...) \
      __snd_printk(2, __FILE__, __LINE__, format, ##args)
#else
#define snd_printdd(format, args...)      do { } while (0)
#endif


#define SNDRV_OSS_VERSION         ((3<<16)|(8<<8)|(1<<4)|(0))     /* 3.8.1a */

/* for easier backward-porting */
#if defined(CONFIG_GAMEPORT) || defined(CONFIG_GAMEPORT_MODULE)
#define gameport_set_dev_parent(gp,xdev) ((gp)->dev.parent = (xdev))
#define gameport_set_port_data(gp,r) ((gp)->port_data = (r))
#define gameport_get_port_data(gp) (gp)->port_data
#endif

/* PCI quirk list helper */
00420 struct snd_pci_quirk {
      unsigned short subvendor;     /* PCI subvendor ID */
      unsigned short subdevice;     /* PCI subdevice ID */
      unsigned short subdevice_mask;      /* bitmask to match */
      int value;              /* value */
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE
      const char *name;       /* name of the device (optional) */
#endif
};

#define _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev) \
      .subvendor = (vend), .subdevice = (dev), .subdevice_mask = (mask)
#define _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev) \
      _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0xffff, dev)
#define SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend,dev) {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev)}
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE
#define SND_PCI_QUIRK(vend,dev,xname,val) \
      {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev), .value = (val), .name = (xname)}
#define SND_PCI_QUIRK_VENDOR(vend, xname, val)              \
      {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0, 0), .value = (val), .name = (xname)}
#define SND_PCI_QUIRK_MASK(vend, mask, dev, xname, val)                 \
      {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev),             \
                  .value = (val), .name = (xname)}
#else
#define SND_PCI_QUIRK(vend,dev,xname,val) \
      {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev), .value = (val)}
#define SND_PCI_QUIRK_MASK(vend, mask, dev, xname, val)                 \
      {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev), .value = (val)}
#define SND_PCI_QUIRK_VENDOR(vend, xname, val)              \
      {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0, 0), .value = (val)}
#endif

const struct snd_pci_quirk *
snd_pci_quirk_lookup(struct pci_dev *pci, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list);

const struct snd_pci_quirk *
snd_pci_quirk_lookup_id(u16 vendor, u16 device,
                  const struct snd_pci_quirk *list);

#endif /* __SOUND_CORE_H */

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