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ews.c

/*
 *   ALSA driver for ICEnsemble ICE1712 (Envy24)
 *
 *   Lowlevel functions for Terratec EWS88MT/D, EWX24/96, DMX 6Fire
 *
 *    Copyright (c) 2000 Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
 *                    2002 Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
 *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *   (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *   GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
 *
 */      

#include <asm/io.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <sound/core.h>
#include <sound/cs8427.h>
#include <sound/asoundef.h>

#include "ice1712.h"
#include "ews.h"

#define SND_CS8404
#include <sound/cs8403.h>

enum {
      EWS_I2C_CS8404 = 0, EWS_I2C_PCF1, EWS_I2C_PCF2,
      EWS_I2C_88D = 0,
      EWS_I2C_6FIRE = 0
};
      

/* additional i2c devices for EWS boards */
00048 struct ews_spec {
      struct snd_i2c_device *i2cdevs[3];
};

/*
 * access via i2c mode (for EWX 24/96, EWS 88MT&D)
 */

/* send SDA and SCL */
static void ewx_i2c_setlines(struct snd_i2c_bus *bus, int clk, int data)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = bus->private_data;
      unsigned char tmp = 0;
      if (clk)
            tmp |= ICE1712_EWX2496_SERIAL_CLOCK;
      if (data)
            tmp |= ICE1712_EWX2496_SERIAL_DATA;
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DATA, tmp);
      udelay(5);
}

static int ewx_i2c_getclock(struct snd_i2c_bus *bus)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = bus->private_data;
      return snd_ice1712_read(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DATA) & ICE1712_EWX2496_SERIAL_CLOCK ? 1 : 0;
}

static int ewx_i2c_getdata(struct snd_i2c_bus *bus, int ack)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = bus->private_data;
      int bit;
      /* set RW pin to low */
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_WRITE_MASK, ~ICE1712_EWX2496_RW);
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DATA, 0);
      if (ack)
            udelay(5);
      bit = snd_ice1712_read(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DATA) & ICE1712_EWX2496_SERIAL_DATA ? 1 : 0;
      /* set RW pin to high */
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DATA, ICE1712_EWX2496_RW);
      /* reset write mask */
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_WRITE_MASK, ~ICE1712_EWX2496_SERIAL_CLOCK);
      return bit;
}

static void ewx_i2c_start(struct snd_i2c_bus *bus)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = bus->private_data;
      unsigned char mask;

      snd_ice1712_save_gpio_status(ice);
      /* set RW high */
      mask = ICE1712_EWX2496_RW;
      switch (ice->eeprom.subvendor) {
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWX2496:
            mask |= ICE1712_EWX2496_AK4524_CS; /* CS high also */
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_DMX6FIRE:
            mask |= ICE1712_6FIRE_AK4524_CS_MASK; /* CS high also */
            break;
      }
      snd_ice1712_gpio_write_bits(ice, mask, mask);
}

static void ewx_i2c_stop(struct snd_i2c_bus *bus)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = bus->private_data;
      snd_ice1712_restore_gpio_status(ice);
}

static void ewx_i2c_direction(struct snd_i2c_bus *bus, int clock, int data)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = bus->private_data;
      unsigned char mask = 0;

      if (clock)
            mask |= ICE1712_EWX2496_SERIAL_CLOCK; /* write SCL */
      if (data)
            mask |= ICE1712_EWX2496_SERIAL_DATA; /* write SDA */
      ice->gpio.direction &= ~(ICE1712_EWX2496_SERIAL_CLOCK|ICE1712_EWX2496_SERIAL_DATA);
      ice->gpio.direction |= mask;
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DIRECTION, ice->gpio.direction);
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_WRITE_MASK, ~mask);
}

static struct snd_i2c_bit_ops snd_ice1712_ewx_cs8427_bit_ops = {
      .start = ewx_i2c_start,
      .stop = ewx_i2c_stop,
      .direction = ewx_i2c_direction,
      .setlines = ewx_i2c_setlines,
      .getclock = ewx_i2c_getclock,
      .getdata = ewx_i2c_getdata,
};


/*
 * AK4524 access
 */

/* AK4524 chip select; address 0x48 bit 0-3 */
static int snd_ice1712_ews88mt_chip_select(struct snd_ice1712 *ice, int chip_mask)
{
      struct ews_spec *spec = ice->spec;
      unsigned char data, ndata;

      if (snd_BUG_ON(chip_mask < 0 || chip_mask > 0x0f))
            return -EINVAL;
      snd_i2c_lock(ice->i2c);
      if (snd_i2c_readbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_PCF2], &data, 1) != 1)
            goto __error;
      ndata = (data & 0xf0) | chip_mask;
      if (ndata != data)
            if (snd_i2c_sendbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_PCF2], &ndata, 1)
                != 1)
                  goto __error;
      snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
      return 0;

     __error:
      snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
      snd_printk(KERN_ERR "AK4524 chip select failed, check cable to the front module\n");
      return -EIO;
}

/* start callback for EWS88MT, needs to select a certain chip mask */
static void ews88mt_ak4524_lock(struct snd_akm4xxx *ak, int chip)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = ak->private_data[0];
      unsigned char tmp;
      /* assert AK4524 CS */
      if (snd_ice1712_ews88mt_chip_select(ice, ~(1 << chip) & 0x0f) < 0)
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR "fatal error (ews88mt chip select)\n");
      snd_ice1712_save_gpio_status(ice);
      tmp = ICE1712_EWS88_SERIAL_DATA |
            ICE1712_EWS88_SERIAL_CLOCK |
            ICE1712_EWS88_RW;
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DIRECTION,
                    ice->gpio.direction | tmp);
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_WRITE_MASK, ~tmp);
}

/* stop callback for EWS88MT, needs to deselect chip mask */
static void ews88mt_ak4524_unlock(struct snd_akm4xxx *ak, int chip)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = ak->private_data[0];
      snd_ice1712_restore_gpio_status(ice);
      udelay(1);
      snd_ice1712_ews88mt_chip_select(ice, 0x0f);
}

/* start callback for EWX24/96 */
static void ewx2496_ak4524_lock(struct snd_akm4xxx *ak, int chip)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = ak->private_data[0];
      unsigned char tmp;
      snd_ice1712_save_gpio_status(ice);
      tmp =  ICE1712_EWX2496_SERIAL_DATA |
            ICE1712_EWX2496_SERIAL_CLOCK |
            ICE1712_EWX2496_AK4524_CS |
            ICE1712_EWX2496_RW;
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DIRECTION,
                    ice->gpio.direction | tmp);
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_WRITE_MASK, ~tmp);
}

/* start callback for DMX 6fire */
static void dmx6fire_ak4524_lock(struct snd_akm4xxx *ak, int chip)
{
      struct snd_ak4xxx_private *priv = (void *)ak->private_value[0];
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = ak->private_data[0];
      unsigned char tmp;
      snd_ice1712_save_gpio_status(ice);
      tmp = priv->cs_mask = priv->cs_addr = (1 << chip) & ICE1712_6FIRE_AK4524_CS_MASK;
      tmp |= ICE1712_6FIRE_SERIAL_DATA |
            ICE1712_6FIRE_SERIAL_CLOCK |
            ICE1712_6FIRE_RW;
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DIRECTION,
                    ice->gpio.direction | tmp);
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_WRITE_MASK, ~tmp);
}

/*
 * CS8404 interface on EWS88MT/D
 */

static void snd_ice1712_ews_cs8404_spdif_write(struct snd_ice1712 *ice, unsigned char bits)
{
      struct ews_spec *spec = ice->spec;
      unsigned char bytes[2];

      snd_i2c_lock(ice->i2c);
      switch (ice->eeprom.subvendor) {
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT_NEW:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_PHASE88:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_TS88:
            if (snd_i2c_sendbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_CS8404], &bits, 1)
                != 1)
                  goto _error;
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88D:
            if (snd_i2c_readbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_88D], bytes, 2)
                != 2)
                  goto _error;
            if (bits != bytes[1]) {
                  bytes[1] = bits;
                  if (snd_i2c_sendbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_88D],
                                    bytes, 2) != 2)
                        goto _error;
            }
            break;
      }
 _error:
      snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
}

/*
 */

static void ews88_spdif_default_get(struct snd_ice1712 *ice, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      snd_cs8404_decode_spdif_bits(&ucontrol->value.iec958, ice->spdif.cs8403_bits);
}

static int ews88_spdif_default_put(struct snd_ice1712 *ice, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      unsigned int val;
      int change;

      val = snd_cs8404_encode_spdif_bits(&ucontrol->value.iec958);
      spin_lock_irq(&ice->reg_lock);
      change = ice->spdif.cs8403_bits != val;
      ice->spdif.cs8403_bits = val;
      if (change && ice->playback_pro_substream == NULL) {
            spin_unlock_irq(&ice->reg_lock);
            snd_ice1712_ews_cs8404_spdif_write(ice, val);
      } else {
            spin_unlock_irq(&ice->reg_lock);
      }
      return change;
}

static void ews88_spdif_stream_get(struct snd_ice1712 *ice, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      snd_cs8404_decode_spdif_bits(&ucontrol->value.iec958, ice->spdif.cs8403_stream_bits);
}

static int ews88_spdif_stream_put(struct snd_ice1712 *ice, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      unsigned int val;
      int change;

      val = snd_cs8404_encode_spdif_bits(&ucontrol->value.iec958);
      spin_lock_irq(&ice->reg_lock);
      change = ice->spdif.cs8403_stream_bits != val;
      ice->spdif.cs8403_stream_bits = val;
      if (change && ice->playback_pro_substream != NULL) {
            spin_unlock_irq(&ice->reg_lock);
            snd_ice1712_ews_cs8404_spdif_write(ice, val);
      } else {
            spin_unlock_irq(&ice->reg_lock);
      }
      return change;
}


/* open callback */
static void ews88_open_spdif(struct snd_ice1712 *ice, struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
      ice->spdif.cs8403_stream_bits = ice->spdif.cs8403_bits;
}

/* set up SPDIF for EWS88MT / EWS88D */
static void ews88_setup_spdif(struct snd_ice1712 *ice, int rate)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      unsigned char tmp;
      int change;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&ice->reg_lock, flags);
      tmp = ice->spdif.cs8403_stream_bits;
      if (tmp & 0x10)         /* consumer */
            tmp &= (tmp & 0x01) ? ~0x06 : ~0x60;
      switch (rate) {
      case 32000: tmp |= (tmp & 0x01) ? 0x02 : 0x00; break;
      case 44100: tmp |= (tmp & 0x01) ? 0x06 : 0x40; break;
      case 48000: tmp |= (tmp & 0x01) ? 0x04 : 0x20; break;
      default: tmp |= (tmp & 0x01) ? 0x06 : 0x40; break;
      }
      change = ice->spdif.cs8403_stream_bits != tmp;
      ice->spdif.cs8403_stream_bits = tmp;
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ice->reg_lock, flags);
      if (change)
            snd_ctl_notify(ice->card, SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_MASK_VALUE, &ice->spdif.stream_ctl->id);
      snd_ice1712_ews_cs8404_spdif_write(ice, tmp);
}


/*
 */
static struct snd_akm4xxx akm_ews88mt __devinitdata = {
      .num_adcs = 8,
      .num_dacs = 8,
      .type = SND_AK4524,
      .ops = {
            .lock = ews88mt_ak4524_lock,
            .unlock = ews88mt_ak4524_unlock
      }
};

static struct snd_ak4xxx_private akm_ews88mt_priv __devinitdata = {
      .caddr = 2,
      .cif = 1, /* CIF high */
      .data_mask = ICE1712_EWS88_SERIAL_DATA,
      .clk_mask = ICE1712_EWS88_SERIAL_CLOCK,
      .cs_mask = 0,
      .cs_addr = 0,
      .cs_none = 0, /* no chip select on gpio */
      .add_flags = ICE1712_EWS88_RW, /* set rw bit high */
      .mask_flags = 0,
};

static struct snd_akm4xxx akm_ewx2496 __devinitdata = {
      .num_adcs = 2,
      .num_dacs = 2,
      .type = SND_AK4524,
      .ops = {
            .lock = ewx2496_ak4524_lock
      }
};

static struct snd_ak4xxx_private akm_ewx2496_priv __devinitdata = {
      .caddr = 2,
      .cif = 1, /* CIF high */
      .data_mask = ICE1712_EWS88_SERIAL_DATA,
      .clk_mask = ICE1712_EWS88_SERIAL_CLOCK,
      .cs_mask = ICE1712_EWX2496_AK4524_CS,
      .cs_addr = ICE1712_EWX2496_AK4524_CS,
      .cs_none = 0,
      .add_flags = ICE1712_EWS88_RW, /* set rw bit high */
      .mask_flags = 0,
};

static struct snd_akm4xxx akm_6fire __devinitdata = {
      .num_adcs = 6,
      .num_dacs = 6,
      .type = SND_AK4524,
      .ops = {
            .lock = dmx6fire_ak4524_lock
      }
};

static struct snd_ak4xxx_private akm_6fire_priv __devinitdata = {
      .caddr = 2,
      .cif = 1, /* CIF high */
      .data_mask = ICE1712_6FIRE_SERIAL_DATA,
      .clk_mask = ICE1712_6FIRE_SERIAL_CLOCK,
      .cs_mask = 0,
      .cs_addr = 0, /* set later */
      .cs_none = 0,
      .add_flags = ICE1712_6FIRE_RW, /* set rw bit high */
      .mask_flags = 0,
};

/*
 * initialize the chip
 */

/* 6fire specific */
#define PCF9554_REG_INPUT      0
#define PCF9554_REG_OUTPUT     1
#define PCF9554_REG_POLARITY   2
#define PCF9554_REG_CONFIG     3

static int snd_ice1712_6fire_write_pca(struct snd_ice1712 *ice, unsigned char reg, unsigned char data);

static int __devinit snd_ice1712_ews_init(struct snd_ice1712 *ice)
{
      int err;
      struct snd_akm4xxx *ak;
      struct ews_spec *spec;

      /* set the analog DACs */
      switch (ice->eeprom.subvendor) {
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWX2496:
            ice->num_total_dacs = 2;
            ice->num_total_adcs = 2;
            break;      
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT_NEW:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_PHASE88:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_TS88:
            ice->num_total_dacs = 8;
            ice->num_total_adcs = 8;
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88D:
            /* Note: not analog but ADAT I/O */
            ice->num_total_dacs = 8;
            ice->num_total_adcs = 8;
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_DMX6FIRE:
            ice->num_total_dacs = 6;
            ice->num_total_adcs = 6;
            break;
      }

      spec = kzalloc(sizeof(*spec), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!spec)
            return -ENOMEM;
      ice->spec = spec;

      /* create i2c */
      if ((err = snd_i2c_bus_create(ice->card, "ICE1712 GPIO 1", NULL, &ice->i2c)) < 0) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unable to create I2C bus\n");
            return err;
      }
      ice->i2c->private_data = ice;
      ice->i2c->hw_ops.bit = &snd_ice1712_ewx_cs8427_bit_ops;

      /* create i2c devices */
      switch (ice->eeprom.subvendor) {
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_DMX6FIRE:
            err = snd_i2c_device_create(ice->i2c, "PCF9554",
                                  ICE1712_6FIRE_PCF9554_ADDR,
                                  &spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_6FIRE]);
            if (err < 0) {
                  snd_printk(KERN_ERR "PCF9554 initialization failed\n");
                  return err;
            }
            snd_ice1712_6fire_write_pca(ice, PCF9554_REG_CONFIG, 0x80);
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT_NEW:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_PHASE88:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_TS88:

            err = snd_i2c_device_create(ice->i2c, "CS8404",
                                  ICE1712_EWS88MT_CS8404_ADDR,
                                  &spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_CS8404]);
            if (err < 0)
                  return err;
            err = snd_i2c_device_create(ice->i2c, "PCF8574 (1st)",
                                  ICE1712_EWS88MT_INPUT_ADDR,
                                  &spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_PCF1]);
            if (err < 0)
                  return err;
            err = snd_i2c_device_create(ice->i2c, "PCF8574 (2nd)",
                                  ICE1712_EWS88MT_OUTPUT_ADDR,
                                  &spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_PCF2]);
            if (err < 0)
                  return err;
            /* Check if the front module is connected */
            if ((err = snd_ice1712_ews88mt_chip_select(ice, 0x0f)) < 0)
                  return err;
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88D:
            err = snd_i2c_device_create(ice->i2c, "PCF8575",
                                  ICE1712_EWS88D_PCF_ADDR,
                                  &spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_88D]);
            if (err < 0)
                  return err;
            break;
      }

      /* set up SPDIF interface */
      switch (ice->eeprom.subvendor) {
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWX2496:
            if ((err = snd_ice1712_init_cs8427(ice, CS8427_BASE_ADDR)) < 0)
                  return err;
            snd_cs8427_reg_write(ice->cs8427, CS8427_REG_RECVERRMASK, CS8427_UNLOCK | CS8427_CONF | CS8427_BIP | CS8427_PAR);
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_DMX6FIRE:
            if ((err = snd_ice1712_init_cs8427(ice, ICE1712_6FIRE_CS8427_ADDR)) < 0)
                  return err;
            snd_cs8427_reg_write(ice->cs8427, CS8427_REG_RECVERRMASK, CS8427_UNLOCK | CS8427_CONF | CS8427_BIP | CS8427_PAR);
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT_NEW:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_PHASE88:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_TS88:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88D:
            /* set up CS8404 */
            ice->spdif.ops.open = ews88_open_spdif;
            ice->spdif.ops.setup_rate = ews88_setup_spdif;
            ice->spdif.ops.default_get = ews88_spdif_default_get;
            ice->spdif.ops.default_put = ews88_spdif_default_put;
            ice->spdif.ops.stream_get = ews88_spdif_stream_get;
            ice->spdif.ops.stream_put = ews88_spdif_stream_put;
            /* Set spdif defaults */
            snd_ice1712_ews_cs8404_spdif_write(ice, ice->spdif.cs8403_bits);
            break;
      }

      /* no analog? */
      switch (ice->eeprom.subvendor) {
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88D:
            return 0;
      }

      /* analog section */
      ak = ice->akm = kzalloc(sizeof(struct snd_akm4xxx), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (! ak)
            return -ENOMEM;
      ice->akm_codecs = 1;

      switch (ice->eeprom.subvendor) {
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT_NEW:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_PHASE88:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_TS88:
            err = snd_ice1712_akm4xxx_init(ak, &akm_ews88mt, &akm_ews88mt_priv, ice);
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWX2496:
            err = snd_ice1712_akm4xxx_init(ak, &akm_ewx2496, &akm_ewx2496_priv, ice);
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_DMX6FIRE:
            err = snd_ice1712_akm4xxx_init(ak, &akm_6fire, &akm_6fire_priv, ice);
            break;
      default:
            err = 0;
      }

      return err;
}

/*
 * EWX 24/96 specific controls
 */

/* i/o sensitivity - this callback is shared among other devices, too */
static int snd_ice1712_ewx_io_sense_info(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_info *uinfo){

      static char *texts[2] = {
            "+4dBu", "-10dBV",
      };
      uinfo->type = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_ENUMERATED;
      uinfo->count = 1;
      uinfo->value.enumerated.items = 2;
      if (uinfo->value.enumerated.item >= 2)
            uinfo->value.enumerated.item = 1;
      strcpy(uinfo->value.enumerated.name, texts[uinfo->value.enumerated.item]);
      return 0;
}

static int snd_ice1712_ewx_io_sense_get(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      unsigned char mask = kcontrol->private_value & 0xff;
      
      snd_ice1712_save_gpio_status(ice);
      ucontrol->value.enumerated.item[0] = snd_ice1712_read(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DATA) & mask ? 1 : 0;
      snd_ice1712_restore_gpio_status(ice);
      return 0;
}

static int snd_ice1712_ewx_io_sense_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      unsigned char mask = kcontrol->private_value & 0xff;
      int val, nval;

      if (kcontrol->private_value & (1 << 31))
            return -EPERM;
      nval = ucontrol->value.enumerated.item[0] ? mask : 0;
      snd_ice1712_save_gpio_status(ice);
      val = snd_ice1712_read(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DATA);
      nval |= val & ~mask;
      snd_ice1712_write(ice, ICE1712_IREG_GPIO_DATA, nval);
      snd_ice1712_restore_gpio_status(ice);
      return val != nval;
}

static struct snd_kcontrol_new snd_ice1712_ewx2496_controls[] __devinitdata = {
      {
            .iface = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER,
            .name = "Input Sensitivity Switch",
            .info = snd_ice1712_ewx_io_sense_info,
            .get = snd_ice1712_ewx_io_sense_get,
            .put = snd_ice1712_ewx_io_sense_put,
            .private_value = ICE1712_EWX2496_AIN_SEL,
      },
      {
            .iface = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER,
            .name = "Output Sensitivity Switch",
            .info = snd_ice1712_ewx_io_sense_info,
            .get = snd_ice1712_ewx_io_sense_get,
            .put = snd_ice1712_ewx_io_sense_put,
            .private_value = ICE1712_EWX2496_AOUT_SEL,
      },
};


/*
 * EWS88MT specific controls
 */
/* analog output sensitivity;; address 0x48 bit 6 */
static int snd_ice1712_ews88mt_output_sense_get(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      struct ews_spec *spec = ice->spec;
      unsigned char data;

      snd_i2c_lock(ice->i2c);
      if (snd_i2c_readbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_PCF2], &data, 1) != 1) {
            snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
            return -EIO;
      }
      snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
      ucontrol->value.enumerated.item[0] = data & ICE1712_EWS88MT_OUTPUT_SENSE ? 1 : 0; /* high = -10dBV, low = +4dBu */
      return 0;
}

/* analog output sensitivity;; address 0x48 bit 6 */
static int snd_ice1712_ews88mt_output_sense_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      struct ews_spec *spec = ice->spec;
      unsigned char data, ndata;

      snd_i2c_lock(ice->i2c);
      if (snd_i2c_readbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_PCF2], &data, 1) != 1) {
            snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
            return -EIO;
      }
      ndata = (data & ~ICE1712_EWS88MT_OUTPUT_SENSE) | (ucontrol->value.enumerated.item[0] ? ICE1712_EWS88MT_OUTPUT_SENSE : 0);
      if (ndata != data && snd_i2c_sendbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_PCF2],
                                     &ndata, 1) != 1) {
            snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
            return -EIO;
      }
      snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
      return ndata != data;
}

/* analog input sensitivity; address 0x46 */
static int snd_ice1712_ews88mt_input_sense_get(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      struct ews_spec *spec = ice->spec;
      int channel = snd_ctl_get_ioffidx(kcontrol, &ucontrol->id);
      unsigned char data;

      if (snd_BUG_ON(channel < 0 || channel > 7))
            return 0;
      snd_i2c_lock(ice->i2c);
      if (snd_i2c_readbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_PCF1], &data, 1) != 1) {
            snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
            return -EIO;
      }
      /* reversed; high = +4dBu, low = -10dBV */
      ucontrol->value.enumerated.item[0] = data & (1 << channel) ? 0 : 1;
      snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
      return 0;
}

/* analog output sensitivity; address 0x46 */
static int snd_ice1712_ews88mt_input_sense_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      struct ews_spec *spec = ice->spec;
      int channel = snd_ctl_get_ioffidx(kcontrol, &ucontrol->id);
      unsigned char data, ndata;

      if (snd_BUG_ON(channel < 0 || channel > 7))
            return 0;
      snd_i2c_lock(ice->i2c);
      if (snd_i2c_readbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_PCF1], &data, 1) != 1) {
            snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
            return -EIO;
      }
      ndata = (data & ~(1 << channel)) | (ucontrol->value.enumerated.item[0] ? 0 : (1 << channel));
      if (ndata != data && snd_i2c_sendbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_PCF1],
                                     &ndata, 1) != 1) {
            snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
            return -EIO;
      }
      snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
      return ndata != data;
}

static struct snd_kcontrol_new snd_ice1712_ews88mt_input_sense __devinitdata = {
      .iface = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER,
      .name = "Input Sensitivity Switch",
      .info = snd_ice1712_ewx_io_sense_info,
      .get = snd_ice1712_ews88mt_input_sense_get,
      .put = snd_ice1712_ews88mt_input_sense_put,
      .count = 8,
};

static struct snd_kcontrol_new snd_ice1712_ews88mt_output_sense __devinitdata = {
      .iface = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER,
      .name = "Output Sensitivity Switch",
      .info = snd_ice1712_ewx_io_sense_info,
      .get = snd_ice1712_ews88mt_output_sense_get,
      .put = snd_ice1712_ews88mt_output_sense_put,
};


/*
 * EWS88D specific controls
 */

#define snd_ice1712_ews88d_control_info         snd_ctl_boolean_mono_info

static int snd_ice1712_ews88d_control_get(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      struct ews_spec *spec = ice->spec;
      int shift = kcontrol->private_value & 0xff;
      int invert = (kcontrol->private_value >> 8) & 1;
      unsigned char data[2];
      
      snd_i2c_lock(ice->i2c);
      if (snd_i2c_readbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_88D], data, 2) != 2) {
            snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
            return -EIO;
      }
      snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
      data[0] = (data[shift >> 3] >> (shift & 7)) & 0x01;
      if (invert)
            data[0] ^= 0x01;
      ucontrol->value.integer.value[0] = data[0];
      return 0;
}

static int snd_ice1712_ews88d_control_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      struct ews_spec *spec = ice->spec;
      int shift = kcontrol->private_value & 0xff;
      int invert = (kcontrol->private_value >> 8) & 1;
      unsigned char data[2], ndata[2];
      int change;

      snd_i2c_lock(ice->i2c);
      if (snd_i2c_readbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_88D], data, 2) != 2) {
            snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
            return -EIO;
      }
      ndata[shift >> 3] = data[shift >> 3] & ~(1 << (shift & 7));
      if (invert) {
            if (! ucontrol->value.integer.value[0])
                  ndata[shift >> 3] |= (1 << (shift & 7));
      } else {
            if (ucontrol->value.integer.value[0])
                  ndata[shift >> 3] |= (1 << (shift & 7));
      }
      change = (data[shift >> 3] != ndata[shift >> 3]);
      if (change &&
          snd_i2c_sendbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_88D], data, 2) != 2) {
            snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
            return -EIO;
      }
      snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
      return change;
}

#define EWS88D_CONTROL(xiface, xname, xshift, xinvert, xaccess) \
{ .iface = xiface,\
  .name = xname,\
  .access = xaccess,\
  .info = snd_ice1712_ews88d_control_info,\
  .get = snd_ice1712_ews88d_control_get,\
  .put = snd_ice1712_ews88d_control_put,\
  .private_value = xshift | (xinvert << 8),\
}

static struct snd_kcontrol_new snd_ice1712_ews88d_controls[] __devinitdata = {
      EWS88D_CONTROL(SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER, "IEC958 Input Optical", 0, 1, 0), /* inverted */
      EWS88D_CONTROL(SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER, "ADAT Output Optical", 1, 0, 0),
      EWS88D_CONTROL(SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER, "ADAT External Master Clock", 2, 0, 0),
      EWS88D_CONTROL(SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER, "Enable ADAT", 3, 0, 0),
      EWS88D_CONTROL(SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER, "ADAT Through", 4, 1, 0),
};


/*
 * DMX 6Fire specific controls
 */

static int snd_ice1712_6fire_read_pca(struct snd_ice1712 *ice, unsigned char reg)
{
      unsigned char byte;
      struct ews_spec *spec = ice->spec;

      snd_i2c_lock(ice->i2c);
      byte = reg;
      snd_i2c_sendbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_6FIRE], &byte, 1);
      byte = 0;
      if (snd_i2c_readbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_6FIRE], &byte, 1) != 1) {
            snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
            printk(KERN_ERR "cannot read pca\n");
            return -EIO;
      }
      snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
      return byte;
}

static int snd_ice1712_6fire_write_pca(struct snd_ice1712 *ice, unsigned char reg, unsigned char data)
{
      unsigned char bytes[2];
      struct ews_spec *spec = ice->spec;

      snd_i2c_lock(ice->i2c);
      bytes[0] = reg;
      bytes[1] = data;
      if (snd_i2c_sendbytes(spec->i2cdevs[EWS_I2C_6FIRE], bytes, 2) != 2) {
            snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
            return -EIO;
      }
      snd_i2c_unlock(ice->i2c);
      return 0;
}

#define snd_ice1712_6fire_control_info          snd_ctl_boolean_mono_info

static int snd_ice1712_6fire_control_get(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      int shift = kcontrol->private_value & 0xff;
      int invert = (kcontrol->private_value >> 8) & 1;
      int data;
      
      if ((data = snd_ice1712_6fire_read_pca(ice, PCF9554_REG_OUTPUT)) < 0)
            return data;
      data = (data >> shift) & 1;
      if (invert)
            data ^= 1;
      ucontrol->value.integer.value[0] = data;
      return 0;
}

static int snd_ice1712_6fire_control_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      int shift = kcontrol->private_value & 0xff;
      int invert = (kcontrol->private_value >> 8) & 1;
      int data, ndata;
      
      if ((data = snd_ice1712_6fire_read_pca(ice, PCF9554_REG_OUTPUT)) < 0)
            return data;
      ndata = data & ~(1 << shift);
      if (ucontrol->value.integer.value[0])
            ndata |= (1 << shift);
      if (invert)
            ndata ^= (1 << shift);
      if (data != ndata) {
            snd_ice1712_6fire_write_pca(ice, PCF9554_REG_OUTPUT, (unsigned char)ndata);
            return 1;
      }
      return 0;
}

static int snd_ice1712_6fire_select_input_info(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_info *uinfo)
{
      static char *texts[4] = {
            "Internal", "Front Input", "Rear Input", "Wave Table"
      };
      uinfo->type = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_ENUMERATED;
      uinfo->count = 1;
      uinfo->value.enumerated.items = 4;
      if (uinfo->value.enumerated.item >= 4)
            uinfo->value.enumerated.item = 1;
      strcpy(uinfo->value.enumerated.name, texts[uinfo->value.enumerated.item]);
      return 0;
}
     
static int snd_ice1712_6fire_select_input_get(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      int data;
      
      if ((data = snd_ice1712_6fire_read_pca(ice, PCF9554_REG_OUTPUT)) < 0)
            return data;
      ucontrol->value.integer.value[0] = data & 3;
      return 0;
}

static int snd_ice1712_6fire_select_input_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol, struct snd_ctl_elem_value *ucontrol)
{
      struct snd_ice1712 *ice = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
      int data, ndata;
      
      if ((data = snd_ice1712_6fire_read_pca(ice, PCF9554_REG_OUTPUT)) < 0)
            return data;
      ndata = data & ~3;
      ndata |= (ucontrol->value.integer.value[0] & 3);
      if (data != ndata) {
            snd_ice1712_6fire_write_pca(ice, PCF9554_REG_OUTPUT, (unsigned char)ndata);
            return 1;
      }
      return 0;
}


#define DMX6FIRE_CONTROL(xname, xshift, xinvert) \
{ .iface = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER,\
  .name = xname,\
  .info = snd_ice1712_6fire_control_info,\
  .get = snd_ice1712_6fire_control_get,\
  .put = snd_ice1712_6fire_control_put,\
  .private_value = xshift | (xinvert << 8),\
}

static struct snd_kcontrol_new snd_ice1712_6fire_controls[] __devinitdata = {
      {
            .iface = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER,
            .name = "Analog Input Select",
            .info = snd_ice1712_6fire_select_input_info,
            .get = snd_ice1712_6fire_select_input_get,
            .put = snd_ice1712_6fire_select_input_put,
      },
      DMX6FIRE_CONTROL("Front Digital Input Switch", 2, 1),
      // DMX6FIRE_CONTROL("Master Clock Select", 3, 0),
      DMX6FIRE_CONTROL("Optical Digital Input Switch", 4, 0),
      DMX6FIRE_CONTROL("Phono Analog Input Switch", 5, 0),
      DMX6FIRE_CONTROL("Breakbox LED", 6, 0),
};


static int __devinit snd_ice1712_ews_add_controls(struct snd_ice1712 *ice)
{
      unsigned int idx;
      int err;
      
      /* all terratec cards have spdif, but cs8427 module builds it's own controls */
      if (ice->cs8427 == NULL) {
            err = snd_ice1712_spdif_build_controls(ice);
            if (err < 0)
                  return err;
      }

      /* ak4524 controls */
      switch (ice->eeprom.subvendor) {
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWX2496:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT_NEW:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_PHASE88:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_TS88:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_DMX6FIRE:
            err = snd_ice1712_akm4xxx_build_controls(ice);
            if (err < 0)
                  return err;
            break;
      }

      /* card specific controls */
      switch (ice->eeprom.subvendor) {
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWX2496:
            for (idx = 0; idx < ARRAY_SIZE(snd_ice1712_ewx2496_controls); idx++) {
                  err = snd_ctl_add(ice->card, snd_ctl_new1(&snd_ice1712_ewx2496_controls[idx], ice));
                  if (err < 0)
                        return err;
            }
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT_NEW:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_PHASE88:
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_TS88:
            err = snd_ctl_add(ice->card, snd_ctl_new1(&snd_ice1712_ews88mt_input_sense, ice));
            if (err < 0)
                  return err;
            err = snd_ctl_add(ice->card, snd_ctl_new1(&snd_ice1712_ews88mt_output_sense, ice));
            if (err < 0)
                  return err;
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88D:
            for (idx = 0; idx < ARRAY_SIZE(snd_ice1712_ews88d_controls); idx++) {
                  err = snd_ctl_add(ice->card, snd_ctl_new1(&snd_ice1712_ews88d_controls[idx], ice));
                  if (err < 0)
                        return err;
            }
            break;
      case ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_DMX6FIRE:
            for (idx = 0; idx < ARRAY_SIZE(snd_ice1712_6fire_controls); idx++) {
                  err = snd_ctl_add(ice->card, snd_ctl_new1(&snd_ice1712_6fire_controls[idx], ice));
                  if (err < 0)
                        return err;
            }
            break;
      }
      return 0;
}


/* entry point */
struct snd_ice1712_card_info snd_ice1712_ews_cards[] __devinitdata = {
      {
            .subvendor = ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWX2496,
            .name = "TerraTec EWX24/96",
            .model = "ewx2496",
            .chip_init = snd_ice1712_ews_init,
            .build_controls = snd_ice1712_ews_add_controls,
      },
      {
            .subvendor = ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT,
            .name = "TerraTec EWS88MT",
            .model = "ews88mt",
            .chip_init = snd_ice1712_ews_init,
            .build_controls = snd_ice1712_ews_add_controls,
      },
      {
            .subvendor = ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88MT_NEW,
            .name = "TerraTec EWS88MT",
            .model = "ews88mt_new",
            .chip_init = snd_ice1712_ews_init,
            .build_controls = snd_ice1712_ews_add_controls,
      },
      {
            .subvendor = ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_PHASE88,
            .name = "TerraTec Phase88",
            .model = "phase88",
            .chip_init = snd_ice1712_ews_init,
            .build_controls = snd_ice1712_ews_add_controls,
      },
      {
            .subvendor = ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_TS88,
            .name = "terrasoniq TS88",
            .model = "phase88",
            .chip_init = snd_ice1712_ews_init,
            .build_controls = snd_ice1712_ews_add_controls,
      },
      {
            .subvendor = ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_EWS88D,
            .name = "TerraTec EWS88D",
            .model = "ews88d",
            .chip_init = snd_ice1712_ews_init,
            .build_controls = snd_ice1712_ews_add_controls,
      },
      {
            .subvendor = ICE1712_SUBDEVICE_DMX6FIRE,
            .name = "TerraTec DMX6Fire",
            .model = "dmx6fire",
            .chip_init = snd_ice1712_ews_init,
            .build_controls = snd_ice1712_ews_add_controls,
            .mpu401_1_name = "MIDI-Front DMX6fire",
            .mpu401_2_name = "Wavetable DMX6fire",
            .mpu401_2_info_flags = MPU401_INFO_OUTPUT,
      },
      { } /* terminator */
};

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