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trident_memory.c

/*
 *  Copyright (c) by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
 *  Copyright (c) by Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
 *  Copyright (c) by Scott McNab <sdm@fractalgraphics.com.au>
 *
 *  Trident 4DWave-NX memory page allocation (TLB area)
 *  Trident chip can handle only 16MByte of the memory at the same time.
 *
 *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *   (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *   GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
 *
 */

#include <asm/io.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>

#include <sound/core.h>
#include <sound/trident.h>

/* page arguments of these two macros are Trident page (4096 bytes), not like
 * aligned pages in others
 */
#define __set_tlb_bus(trident,page,ptr,addr) \
      do { (trident)->tlb.entries[page] = cpu_to_le32((addr) & ~(SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE-1)); \
           (trident)->tlb.shadow_entries[page] = (ptr); } while (0)
#define __tlb_to_ptr(trident,page) \
      (void*)((trident)->tlb.shadow_entries[page])
#define __tlb_to_addr(trident,page) \
      (dma_addr_t)le32_to_cpu((trident->tlb.entries[page]) & ~(SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE - 1))

#if PAGE_SIZE == 4096
/* page size == SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE */
#define ALIGN_PAGE_SIZE       PAGE_SIZE   /* minimum page size for allocation */
#define MAX_ALIGN_PAGES       SNDRV_TRIDENT_MAX_PAGES /* maxmium aligned pages */
/* fill TLB entrie(s) corresponding to page with ptr */
#define set_tlb_bus(trident,page,ptr,addr) __set_tlb_bus(trident,page,ptr,addr)
/* fill TLB entrie(s) corresponding to page with silence pointer */
#define set_silent_tlb(trident,page)      __set_tlb_bus(trident, page, (unsigned long)trident->tlb.silent_page.area, trident->tlb.silent_page.addr)
/* get aligned page from offset address */
#define get_aligned_page(offset)    ((offset) >> 12)
/* get offset address from aligned page */
#define aligned_page_offset(page)   ((page) << 12)
/* get buffer address from aligned page */
#define page_to_ptr(trident,page)   __tlb_to_ptr(trident, page)
/* get PCI physical address from aligned page */
#define page_to_addr(trident,page)  __tlb_to_addr(trident, page)

#elif PAGE_SIZE == 8192
/* page size == SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE x 2*/
#define ALIGN_PAGE_SIZE       PAGE_SIZE
#define MAX_ALIGN_PAGES       (SNDRV_TRIDENT_MAX_PAGES / 2)
#define get_aligned_page(offset)    ((offset) >> 13)
#define aligned_page_offset(page)   ((page) << 13)
#define page_to_ptr(trident,page)   __tlb_to_ptr(trident, (page) << 1)
#define page_to_addr(trident,page)  __tlb_to_addr(trident, (page) << 1)

/* fill TLB entries -- we need to fill two entries */
static inline void set_tlb_bus(struct snd_trident *trident, int page,
                         unsigned long ptr, dma_addr_t addr)
{
      page <<= 1;
      __set_tlb_bus(trident, page, ptr, addr);
      __set_tlb_bus(trident, page+1, ptr + SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE, addr + SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE);
}
static inline void set_silent_tlb(struct snd_trident *trident, int page)
{
      page <<= 1;
      __set_tlb_bus(trident, page, (unsigned long)trident->tlb.silent_page.area, trident->tlb.silent_page.addr);
      __set_tlb_bus(trident, page+1, (unsigned long)trident->tlb.silent_page.area, trident->tlb.silent_page.addr);
}

#else
/* arbitrary size */
#define UNIT_PAGES            (PAGE_SIZE / SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE)
#define ALIGN_PAGE_SIZE       (SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE * UNIT_PAGES)
#define MAX_ALIGN_PAGES       (SNDRV_TRIDENT_MAX_PAGES / UNIT_PAGES)
/* Note: if alignment doesn't match to the maximum size, the last few blocks
 * become unusable.  To use such blocks, you'll need to check the validity
 * of accessing page in set_tlb_bus and set_silent_tlb.  search_empty()
 * should also check it, too.
 */
#define get_aligned_page(offset)    ((offset) / ALIGN_PAGE_SIZE)
#define aligned_page_offset(page)   ((page) * ALIGN_PAGE_SIZE)
#define page_to_ptr(trident,page)   __tlb_to_ptr(trident, (page) * UNIT_PAGES)
#define page_to_addr(trident,page)  __tlb_to_addr(trident, (page) * UNIT_PAGES)

/* fill TLB entries -- UNIT_PAGES entries must be filled */
static inline void set_tlb_bus(struct snd_trident *trident, int page,
                         unsigned long ptr, dma_addr_t addr)
{
      int i;
      page *= UNIT_PAGES;
      for (i = 0; i < UNIT_PAGES; i++, page++) {
            __set_tlb_bus(trident, page, ptr, addr);
            ptr += SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE;
            addr += SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE;
      }
}
static inline void set_silent_tlb(struct snd_trident *trident, int page)
{
      int i;
      page *= UNIT_PAGES;
      for (i = 0; i < UNIT_PAGES; i++, page++)
            __set_tlb_bus(trident, page, (unsigned long)trident->tlb.silent_page.area, trident->tlb.silent_page.addr);
}

#endif /* PAGE_SIZE */

/* calculate buffer pointer from offset address */
static inline void *offset_ptr(struct snd_trident *trident, int offset)
{
      char *ptr;
      ptr = page_to_ptr(trident, get_aligned_page(offset));
      ptr += offset % ALIGN_PAGE_SIZE;
      return (void*)ptr;
}

/* first and last (aligned) pages of memory block */
#define firstpg(blk)    (((struct snd_trident_memblk_arg *)snd_util_memblk_argptr(blk))->first_page)
#define lastpg(blk)     (((struct snd_trident_memblk_arg *)snd_util_memblk_argptr(blk))->last_page)

/*
 * search empty pages which may contain given size
 */
static struct snd_util_memblk *
search_empty(struct snd_util_memhdr *hdr, int size)
{
      struct snd_util_memblk *blk, *prev;
      int page, psize;
      struct list_head *p;

      psize = get_aligned_page(size + ALIGN_PAGE_SIZE -1);
      prev = NULL;
      page = 0;
      list_for_each(p, &hdr->block) {
            blk = list_entry(p, struct snd_util_memblk, list);
            if (page + psize <= firstpg(blk))
                  goto __found_pages;
            page = lastpg(blk) + 1;
      }
      if (page + psize > MAX_ALIGN_PAGES)
            return NULL;

__found_pages:
      /* create a new memory block */
      blk = __snd_util_memblk_new(hdr, psize * ALIGN_PAGE_SIZE, p->prev);
      if (blk == NULL)
            return NULL;
      blk->offset = aligned_page_offset(page); /* set aligned offset */
      firstpg(blk) = page;
      lastpg(blk) = page + psize - 1;
      return blk;
}


/*
 * check if the given pointer is valid for pages
 */
static int is_valid_page(unsigned long ptr)
{
      if (ptr & ~0x3fffffffUL) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR "max memory size is 1GB!!\n");
            return 0;
      }
      if (ptr & (SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE-1)) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR "page is not aligned\n");
            return 0;
      }
      return 1;
}

/*
 * page allocation for DMA (Scatter-Gather version)
 */
static struct snd_util_memblk *
snd_trident_alloc_sg_pages(struct snd_trident *trident,
                     struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
      struct snd_util_memhdr *hdr;
      struct snd_util_memblk *blk;
      struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
      int idx, page;

      if (snd_BUG_ON(runtime->dma_bytes <= 0 ||
                   runtime->dma_bytes > SNDRV_TRIDENT_MAX_PAGES *
                              SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE))
            return NULL;
      hdr = trident->tlb.memhdr;
      if (snd_BUG_ON(!hdr))
            return NULL;

      

      mutex_lock(&hdr->block_mutex);
      blk = search_empty(hdr, runtime->dma_bytes);
      if (blk == NULL) {
            mutex_unlock(&hdr->block_mutex);
            return NULL;
      }
                     
      /* set TLB entries */
      idx = 0;
      for (page = firstpg(blk); page <= lastpg(blk); page++, idx++) {
            unsigned long ofs = idx << PAGE_SHIFT;
            dma_addr_t addr = snd_pcm_sgbuf_get_addr(substream, ofs);
            unsigned long ptr = (unsigned long)
                  snd_pcm_sgbuf_get_ptr(substream, ofs);
            if (! is_valid_page(addr)) {
                  __snd_util_mem_free(hdr, blk);
                  mutex_unlock(&hdr->block_mutex);
                  return NULL;
            }
            set_tlb_bus(trident, page, ptr, addr);
      }
      mutex_unlock(&hdr->block_mutex);
      return blk;
}

/*
 * page allocation for DMA (contiguous version)
 */
static struct snd_util_memblk *
snd_trident_alloc_cont_pages(struct snd_trident *trident,
                       struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
      struct snd_util_memhdr *hdr;
      struct snd_util_memblk *blk;
      int page;
      struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
      dma_addr_t addr;
      unsigned long ptr;

      if (snd_BUG_ON(runtime->dma_bytes <= 0 ||
                   runtime->dma_bytes > SNDRV_TRIDENT_MAX_PAGES *
                              SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE))
            return NULL;
      hdr = trident->tlb.memhdr;
      if (snd_BUG_ON(!hdr))
            return NULL;

      mutex_lock(&hdr->block_mutex);
      blk = search_empty(hdr, runtime->dma_bytes);
      if (blk == NULL) {
            mutex_unlock(&hdr->block_mutex);
            return NULL;
      }
                     
      /* set TLB entries */
      addr = runtime->dma_addr;
      ptr = (unsigned long)runtime->dma_area;
      for (page = firstpg(blk); page <= lastpg(blk); page++,
           ptr += SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE, addr += SNDRV_TRIDENT_PAGE_SIZE) {
            if (! is_valid_page(addr)) {
                  __snd_util_mem_free(hdr, blk);
                  mutex_unlock(&hdr->block_mutex);
                  return NULL;
            }
            set_tlb_bus(trident, page, ptr, addr);
      }
      mutex_unlock(&hdr->block_mutex);
      return blk;
}

/*
 * page allocation for DMA
 */
struct snd_util_memblk *
snd_trident_alloc_pages(struct snd_trident *trident,
                  struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
      if (snd_BUG_ON(!trident || !substream))
            return NULL;
      if (substream->dma_buffer.dev.type == SNDRV_DMA_TYPE_DEV_SG)
            return snd_trident_alloc_sg_pages(trident, substream);
      else
            return snd_trident_alloc_cont_pages(trident, substream);
}


/*
 * release DMA buffer from page table
 */
int snd_trident_free_pages(struct snd_trident *trident,
                     struct snd_util_memblk *blk)
{
      struct snd_util_memhdr *hdr;
      int page;

      if (snd_BUG_ON(!trident || !blk))
            return -EINVAL;

      hdr = trident->tlb.memhdr;
      mutex_lock(&hdr->block_mutex);
      /* reset TLB entries */
      for (page = firstpg(blk); page <= lastpg(blk); page++)
            set_silent_tlb(trident, page);
      /* free memory block */
      __snd_util_mem_free(hdr, blk);
      mutex_unlock(&hdr->block_mutex);
      return 0;
}

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