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cs4270.c

/*
 * CS4270 ALSA SoC (ASoC) codec driver
 *
 * Author: Timur Tabi <timur@freescale.com>
 *
 * Copyright 2007 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.  This file is licensed under
 * the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.  This program
 * is licensed "as is" without any warranty of any kind, whether express
 * or implied.
 *
 * This is an ASoC device driver for the Cirrus Logic CS4270 codec.
 *
 * Current features/limitations:
 *
 * 1) Software mode is supported.  Stand-alone mode is automatically
 *    selected if I2C is disabled or if a CS4270 is not found on the I2C
 *    bus.  However, stand-alone mode is only partially implemented because
 *    there is no mechanism yet for this driver and the machine driver to
 *    communicate the values of the M0, M1, MCLK1, and MCLK2 pins.
 * 2) Only I2C is supported, not SPI
 * 3) Only Master mode is supported, not Slave.
 * 4) The machine driver's 'startup' function must call
 *    cs4270_set_dai_sysclk() with the value of MCLK.
 * 5) Only I2S and left-justified modes are supported
 * 6) Power management is not supported
 * 7) The only supported control is volume and hardware mute (if enabled)
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>
#include <sound/core.h>
#include <sound/soc.h>
#include <sound/initval.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>

#include "cs4270.h"

/* If I2C is defined, then we support software mode.  However, if we're
   not compiled as module but I2C is, then we can't use I2C calls. */
#if defined(CONFIG_I2C) || (defined(CONFIG_I2C_MODULE) && defined(MODULE))
#define USE_I2C
#endif

/* Private data for the CS4270 */
struct cs4270_private {
      unsigned int mclk; /* Input frequency of the MCLK pin */
      unsigned int mode; /* The mode (I2S or left-justified) */
};

/*
 * The codec isn't really big-endian or little-endian, since the I2S
 * interface requires data to be sent serially with the MSbit first.
 * However, to support BE and LE I2S devices, we specify both here.  That
 * way, ALSA will always match the bit patterns.
 */
#define CS4270_FORMATS (SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S8      | \
                  SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_LE  | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_BE  | \
                  SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S18_3LE | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S18_3BE | \
                  SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S20_3LE | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S20_3BE | \
                  SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_3LE | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_3BE | \
                  SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_LE  | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_BE)

#ifdef USE_I2C

/* CS4270 registers addresses */
#define CS4270_CHIPID   0x01  /* Chip ID */
#define CS4270_PWRCTL   0x02  /* Power Control */
#define CS4270_MODE     0x03  /* Mode Control */
#define CS4270_FORMAT   0x04  /* Serial Format, ADC/DAC Control */
#define CS4270_TRANS    0x05  /* Transition Control */
#define CS4270_MUTE     0x06  /* Mute Control */
#define CS4270_VOLA     0x07  /* DAC Channel A Volume Control */
#define CS4270_VOLB     0x08  /* DAC Channel B Volume Control */

#define CS4270_FIRSTREG 0x01
#define CS4270_LASTREG  0x08
#define CS4270_NUMREGS  (CS4270_LASTREG - CS4270_FIRSTREG + 1)

/* Bit masks for the CS4270 registers */
#define CS4270_CHIPID_ID      0xF0
#define CS4270_CHIPID_REV     0x0F
#define CS4270_PWRCTL_FREEZE  0x80
#define CS4270_PWRCTL_PDN_ADC 0x20
#define CS4270_PWRCTL_PDN_DAC 0x02
#define CS4270_PWRCTL_PDN     0x01
#define CS4270_MODE_SPEED_MASK      0x30
#define CS4270_MODE_1X        0x00
#define CS4270_MODE_2X        0x10
#define CS4270_MODE_4X        0x20
#define CS4270_MODE_SLAVE     0x30
#define CS4270_MODE_DIV_MASK  0x0E
#define CS4270_MODE_DIV1      0x00
#define CS4270_MODE_DIV15     0x02
#define CS4270_MODE_DIV2      0x04
#define CS4270_MODE_DIV3      0x06
#define CS4270_MODE_DIV4      0x08
#define CS4270_MODE_POPGUARD  0x01
#define CS4270_FORMAT_FREEZE_A      0x80
#define CS4270_FORMAT_FREEZE_B      0x40
#define CS4270_FORMAT_LOOPBACK      0x20
#define CS4270_FORMAT_DAC_MASK      0x18
#define CS4270_FORMAT_DAC_LJ  0x00
#define CS4270_FORMAT_DAC_I2S 0x08
#define CS4270_FORMAT_DAC_RJ16      0x18
#define CS4270_FORMAT_DAC_RJ24      0x10
#define CS4270_FORMAT_ADC_MASK      0x01
#define CS4270_FORMAT_ADC_LJ  0x00
#define CS4270_FORMAT_ADC_I2S 0x01
#define CS4270_TRANS_ONE_VOL  0x80
#define CS4270_TRANS_SOFT     0x40
#define CS4270_TRANS_ZERO     0x20
#define CS4270_TRANS_INV_ADC_A      0x08
#define CS4270_TRANS_INV_ADC_B      0x10
#define CS4270_TRANS_INV_DAC_A      0x02
#define CS4270_TRANS_INV_DAC_B      0x04
#define CS4270_TRANS_DEEMPH   0x01
#define CS4270_MUTE_AUTO      0x20
#define CS4270_MUTE_ADC_A     0x08
#define CS4270_MUTE_ADC_B     0x10
#define CS4270_MUTE_POLARITY  0x04
#define CS4270_MUTE_DAC_A     0x01
#define CS4270_MUTE_DAC_B     0x02

/*
 * Clock Ratio Selection for Master Mode with I2C enabled
 *
 * The data for this chart is taken from Table 5 of the CS4270 reference
 * manual.
 *
 * This table is used to determine how to program the Mode Control register.
 * It is also used by cs4270_set_dai_sysclk() to tell ALSA which sampling
 * rates the CS4270 currently supports.
 *
 * Each element in this array corresponds to the ratios in mclk_ratios[].
 * These two arrays need to be in sync.
 *
 * 'speed_mode' is the corresponding bit pattern to be written to the
 * MODE bits of the Mode Control Register
 *
 * 'mclk' is the corresponding bit pattern to be wirten to the MCLK bits of
 * the Mode Control Register.
 *
 * In situations where a single ratio is represented by multiple speed
 * modes, we favor the slowest speed.  E.g, for a ratio of 128, we pick
 * double-speed instead of quad-speed.  However, the CS4270 errata states
 * that Divide-By-1.5 can cause failures, so we avoid that mode where
 * possible.
 *
 * ERRATA: There is an errata for the CS4270 where divide-by-1.5 does not
 * work if VD = 3.3V.  If this effects you, select the
 * CONFIG_SND_SOC_CS4270_VD33_ERRATA Kconfig option, and the driver will
 * never select any sample rates that require divide-by-1.5.
 */
static struct {
      unsigned int ratio;
      u8 speed_mode;
      u8 mclk;
} cs4270_mode_ratios[] = {
      {64, CS4270_MODE_4X, CS4270_MODE_DIV1},
#ifndef CONFIG_SND_SOC_CS4270_VD33_ERRATA
      {96, CS4270_MODE_4X, CS4270_MODE_DIV15},
#endif
      {128, CS4270_MODE_2X, CS4270_MODE_DIV1},
      {192, CS4270_MODE_4X, CS4270_MODE_DIV3},
      {256, CS4270_MODE_1X, CS4270_MODE_DIV1},
      {384, CS4270_MODE_2X, CS4270_MODE_DIV3},
      {512, CS4270_MODE_1X, CS4270_MODE_DIV2},
      {768, CS4270_MODE_1X, CS4270_MODE_DIV3},
      {1024, CS4270_MODE_1X, CS4270_MODE_DIV4}
};

/* The number of MCLK/LRCK ratios supported by the CS4270 */
#define NUM_MCLK_RATIOS       ARRAY_SIZE(cs4270_mode_ratios)

/*
 * Determine the CS4270 samples rates.
 *
 * 'freq' is the input frequency to MCLK.  The other parameters are ignored.
 *
 * The value of MCLK is used to determine which sample rates are supported
 * by the CS4270.  The ratio of MCLK / Fs must be equal to one of nine
 * support values: 64, 96, 128, 192, 256, 384, 512, 768, and 1024.
 *
 * This function calculates the nine ratios and determines which ones match
 * a standard sample rate.  If there's a match, then it is added to the list
 * of support sample rates.
 *
 * This function must be called by the machine driver's 'startup' function,
 * otherwise the list of supported sample rates will not be available in
 * time for ALSA.
 *
 * Note that in stand-alone mode, the sample rate is determined by input
 * pins M0, M1, MDIV1, and MDIV2.  Also in stand-alone mode, divide-by-3
 * is not a programmable option.  However, divide-by-3 is not an available
 * option in stand-alone mode.  This cases two problems: a ratio of 768 is
 * not available (it requires divide-by-3) and B) ratios 192 and 384 can
 * only be selected with divide-by-1.5, but there is an errate that make
 * this selection difficult.
 *
 * In addition, there is no mechanism for communicating with the machine
 * driver what the input settings can be.  This would need to be implemented
 * for stand-alone mode to work.
 */
static int cs4270_set_dai_sysclk(struct snd_soc_dai *codec_dai,
                         int clk_id, unsigned int freq, int dir)
{
      struct snd_soc_codec *codec = codec_dai->codec;
      struct cs4270_private *cs4270 = codec->private_data;
      unsigned int rates = 0;
      unsigned int rate_min = -1;
      unsigned int rate_max = 0;
      unsigned int i;

      cs4270->mclk = freq;

      for (i = 0; i < NUM_MCLK_RATIOS; i++) {
            unsigned int rate = freq / cs4270_mode_ratios[i].ratio;
            rates |= snd_pcm_rate_to_rate_bit(rate);
            if (rate < rate_min)
                  rate_min = rate;
            if (rate > rate_max)
                  rate_max = rate;
      }
      /* FIXME: soc should support a rate list */
      rates &= ~SNDRV_PCM_RATE_KNOT;

      if (!rates) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: could not find a valid sample rate\n");
            return -EINVAL;
      }

      codec_dai->playback.rates = rates;
      codec_dai->playback.rate_min = rate_min;
      codec_dai->playback.rate_max = rate_max;

      codec_dai->capture.rates = rates;
      codec_dai->capture.rate_min = rate_min;
      codec_dai->capture.rate_max = rate_max;

      return 0;
}

/*
 * Configure the codec for the selected audio format
 *
 * This function takes a bitmask of SND_SOC_DAIFMT_x bits and programs the
 * codec accordingly.
 *
 * Currently, this function only supports SND_SOC_DAIFMT_I2S and
 * SND_SOC_DAIFMT_LEFT_J.  The CS4270 codec also supports right-justified
 * data for playback only, but ASoC currently does not support different
 * formats for playback vs. record.
 */
static int cs4270_set_dai_fmt(struct snd_soc_dai *codec_dai,
                        unsigned int format)
{
      struct snd_soc_codec *codec = codec_dai->codec;
      struct cs4270_private *cs4270 = codec->private_data;
      int ret = 0;

      switch (format & SND_SOC_DAIFMT_FORMAT_MASK) {
      case SND_SOC_DAIFMT_I2S:
      case SND_SOC_DAIFMT_LEFT_J:
            cs4270->mode = format & SND_SOC_DAIFMT_FORMAT_MASK;
            break;
      default:
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: invalid DAI format\n");
            ret = -EINVAL;
      }

      return ret;
}

/*
 * A list of addresses on which this CS4270 could use.  I2C addresses are
 * 7 bits.  For the CS4270, the upper four bits are always 1001, and the
 * lower three bits are determined via the AD2, AD1, and AD0 pins
 * (respectively).
 */
static const unsigned short normal_i2c[] = {
      0x48, 0x49, 0x4A, 0x4B, 0x4C, 0x4D, 0x4E, 0x4F, I2C_CLIENT_END
};
I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD;

/*
 * Pre-fill the CS4270 register cache.
 *
 * We use the auto-increment feature of the CS4270 to read all registers in
 * one shot.
 */
static int cs4270_fill_cache(struct snd_soc_codec *codec)
{
      u8 *cache = codec->reg_cache;
      struct i2c_client *i2c_client = codec->control_data;
      s32 length;

      length = i2c_smbus_read_i2c_block_data(i2c_client,
            CS4270_FIRSTREG | 0x80, CS4270_NUMREGS, cache);

      if (length != CS4270_NUMREGS) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: I2C read failure, addr=0x%x\n",
                   i2c_client->addr);
            return -EIO;
      }

      return 0;
}

/*
 * Read from the CS4270 register cache.
 *
 * This CS4270 registers are cached to avoid excessive I2C I/O operations.
 * After the initial read to pre-fill the cache, the CS4270 never updates
 * the register values, so we won't have a cache coherncy problem.
 */
static unsigned int cs4270_read_reg_cache(struct snd_soc_codec *codec,
      unsigned int reg)
{
      u8 *cache = codec->reg_cache;

      if ((reg < CS4270_FIRSTREG) || (reg > CS4270_LASTREG))
            return -EIO;

      return cache[reg - CS4270_FIRSTREG];
}

/*
 * Write to a CS4270 register via the I2C bus.
 *
 * This function writes the given value to the given CS4270 register, and
 * also updates the register cache.
 *
 * Note that we don't use the hw_write function pointer of snd_soc_codec.
 * That's because it's too clunky: the hw_write_t prototype does not match
 * i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(), and it's just another layer of overhead.
 */
static int cs4270_i2c_write(struct snd_soc_codec *codec, unsigned int reg,
                      unsigned int value)
{
      u8 *cache = codec->reg_cache;

      if ((reg < CS4270_FIRSTREG) || (reg > CS4270_LASTREG))
            return -EIO;

      /* Only perform an I2C operation if the new value is different */
      if (cache[reg - CS4270_FIRSTREG] != value) {
            struct i2c_client *client = codec->control_data;
            if (i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(client, reg, value)) {
                  printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: I2C write failed\n");
                  return -EIO;
            }

            /* We've written to the hardware, so update the cache */
            cache[reg - CS4270_FIRSTREG] = value;
      }

      return 0;
}

/*
 * Program the CS4270 with the given hardware parameters.
 *
 * The .dai_ops functions are used to provide board-specific data, like
 * input frequencies, to this driver.  This function takes that information,
 * combines it with the hardware parameters provided, and programs the
 * hardware accordingly.
 */
static int cs4270_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
                      struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
{
      struct snd_soc_pcm_runtime *rtd = substream->private_data;
      struct snd_soc_device *socdev = rtd->socdev;
      struct snd_soc_codec *codec = socdev->codec;
      struct cs4270_private *cs4270 = codec->private_data;
      int ret;
      unsigned int i;
      unsigned int rate;
      unsigned int ratio;
      int reg;

      /* Figure out which MCLK/LRCK ratio to use */

      rate = params_rate(params);   /* Sampling rate, in Hz */
      ratio = cs4270->mclk / rate;  /* MCLK/LRCK ratio */

      for (i = 0; i < NUM_MCLK_RATIOS; i++) {
            if (cs4270_mode_ratios[i].ratio == ratio)
                  break;
      }

      if (i == NUM_MCLK_RATIOS) {
            /* We did not find a matching ratio */
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: could not find matching ratio\n");
            return -EINVAL;
      }

      /* Freeze and power-down the codec */

      ret = snd_soc_write(codec, CS4270_PWRCTL, CS4270_PWRCTL_FREEZE |
                      CS4270_PWRCTL_PDN_ADC | CS4270_PWRCTL_PDN_DAC |
                      CS4270_PWRCTL_PDN);
      if (ret < 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: I2C write failed\n");
            return ret;
      }

      /* Program the mode control register */

      reg = snd_soc_read(codec, CS4270_MODE);
      reg &= ~(CS4270_MODE_SPEED_MASK | CS4270_MODE_DIV_MASK);
      reg |= cs4270_mode_ratios[i].speed_mode | cs4270_mode_ratios[i].mclk;

      ret = snd_soc_write(codec, CS4270_MODE, reg);
      if (ret < 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: I2C write failed\n");
            return ret;
      }

      /* Program the format register */

      reg = snd_soc_read(codec, CS4270_FORMAT);
      reg &= ~(CS4270_FORMAT_DAC_MASK | CS4270_FORMAT_ADC_MASK);

      switch (cs4270->mode) {
      case SND_SOC_DAIFMT_I2S:
            reg |= CS4270_FORMAT_DAC_I2S | CS4270_FORMAT_ADC_I2S;
            break;
      case SND_SOC_DAIFMT_LEFT_J:
            reg |= CS4270_FORMAT_DAC_LJ | CS4270_FORMAT_ADC_LJ;
            break;
      default:
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: unknown format\n");
            return -EINVAL;
      }

      ret = snd_soc_write(codec, CS4270_FORMAT, reg);
      if (ret < 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: I2C write failed\n");
            return ret;
      }

      /* Disable auto-mute.  This feature appears to be buggy, because in
         some situations, auto-mute will not deactivate when it should. */

      reg = snd_soc_read(codec, CS4270_MUTE);
      reg &= ~CS4270_MUTE_AUTO;
      ret = snd_soc_write(codec, CS4270_MUTE, reg);
      if (ret < 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: I2C write failed\n");
            return ret;
      }

      /* Thaw and power-up the codec */

      ret = snd_soc_write(codec, CS4270_PWRCTL, 0);
      if (ret < 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: I2C write failed\n");
            return ret;
      }

      return ret;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_SND_SOC_CS4270_HWMUTE

/*
 * Set the CS4270 external mute
 *
 * This function toggles the mute bits in the MUTE register.  The CS4270's
 * mute capability is intended for external muting circuitry, so if the
 * board does not have the MUTEA or MUTEB pins connected to such circuitry,
 * then this function will do nothing.
 */
static int cs4270_mute(struct snd_soc_dai *dai, int mute)
{
      struct snd_soc_codec *codec = dai->codec;
      int reg6;

      reg6 = snd_soc_read(codec, CS4270_MUTE);

      if (mute)
            reg6 |= CS4270_MUTE_ADC_A | CS4270_MUTE_ADC_B |
                  CS4270_MUTE_DAC_A | CS4270_MUTE_DAC_B;
      else
            reg6 &= ~(CS4270_MUTE_ADC_A | CS4270_MUTE_ADC_B |
                    CS4270_MUTE_DAC_A | CS4270_MUTE_DAC_B);

      return snd_soc_write(codec, CS4270_MUTE, reg6);
}

#endif

static int cs4270_i2c_probe(struct i2c_client *, const struct i2c_device_id *);

/* A list of non-DAPM controls that the CS4270 supports */
static const struct snd_kcontrol_new cs4270_snd_controls[] = {
      SOC_DOUBLE_R("Master Playback Volume",
            CS4270_VOLA, CS4270_VOLB, 0, 0xFF, 1)
};

static const struct i2c_device_id cs4270_id[] = {
      {"cs4270", 0},
      {}
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, cs4270_id);

static struct i2c_driver cs4270_i2c_driver = {
      .driver = {
            .name = "CS4270 I2C",
            .owner = THIS_MODULE,
      },
      .id_table = cs4270_id,
      .probe = cs4270_i2c_probe,
};

/*
 * Global variable to store socdev for i2c probe function.
 *
 * If struct i2c_driver had a private_data field, we wouldn't need to use
 * cs4270_socdec.  This is the only way to pass the socdev structure to
 * cs4270_i2c_probe().
 *
 * The real solution to cs4270_socdev is to create a mechanism
 * that maps I2C addresses to snd_soc_device structures.  Perhaps the
 * creation of the snd_soc_device object should be moved out of
 * cs4270_probe() and into cs4270_i2c_probe(), but that would make this
 * driver dependent on I2C.  The CS4270 supports "stand-alone" mode, whereby
 * the chip is *not* connected to the I2C bus, but is instead configured via
 * input pins.
 */
static struct snd_soc_device *cs4270_socdev;

/*
 * Initialize the I2C interface of the CS4270
 *
 * This function is called for whenever the I2C subsystem finds a device
 * at a particular address.
 *
 * Note: snd_soc_new_pcms() must be called before this function can be called,
 * because of snd_ctl_add().
 */
static int cs4270_i2c_probe(struct i2c_client *i2c_client,
      const struct i2c_device_id *id)
{
      struct snd_soc_device *socdev = cs4270_socdev;
      struct snd_soc_codec *codec = socdev->codec;
      int i;
      int ret = 0;

      /* Probing all possible addresses has one drawback: if there are
         multiple CS4270s on the bus, then you cannot specify which
         socdev is matched with which CS4270.  For now, we just reject
         this I2C device if the socdev already has one attached. */
      if (codec->control_data)
            return -ENODEV;

      /* Note: codec_dai->codec is NULL here */

      codec->reg_cache = kzalloc(CS4270_NUMREGS, GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!codec->reg_cache) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: could not allocate register cache\n");
            ret = -ENOMEM;
            goto error;
      }

      /* Verify that we have a CS4270 */

      ret = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(i2c_client, CS4270_CHIPID);
      if (ret < 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: failed to read I2C\n");
            goto error;
      }
      /* The top four bits of the chip ID should be 1100. */
      if ((ret & 0xF0) != 0xC0) {
            /* The device at this address is not a CS4270 codec */
            ret = -ENODEV;
            goto error;
      }

      printk(KERN_INFO "cs4270: found device at I2C address %X\n",
            i2c_client->addr);
      printk(KERN_INFO "cs4270: hardware revision %X\n", ret & 0xF);

      codec->control_data = i2c_client;
      codec->read = cs4270_read_reg_cache;
      codec->write = cs4270_i2c_write;
      codec->reg_cache_size = CS4270_NUMREGS;

      /* The I2C interface is set up, so pre-fill our register cache */

      ret = cs4270_fill_cache(codec);
      if (ret < 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: failed to fill register cache\n");
            goto error;
      }

      /* Add the non-DAPM controls */

      for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(cs4270_snd_controls); i++) {
            struct snd_kcontrol *kctrl =
            snd_soc_cnew(&cs4270_snd_controls[i], codec, NULL);

            ret = snd_ctl_add(codec->card, kctrl);
            if (ret < 0)
                  goto error;
      }

      i2c_set_clientdata(i2c_client, codec);

      return 0;

error:
      codec->control_data = NULL;

      kfree(codec->reg_cache);
      codec->reg_cache = NULL;
      codec->reg_cache_size = 0;

      return ret;
}

#endif /* USE_I2C*/

struct snd_soc_dai cs4270_dai = {
      .name = "CS4270",
      .playback = {
            .stream_name = "Playback",
            .channels_min = 1,
            .channels_max = 2,
            .rates = 0,
            .formats = CS4270_FORMATS,
      },
      .capture = {
            .stream_name = "Capture",
            .channels_min = 1,
            .channels_max = 2,
            .rates = 0,
            .formats = CS4270_FORMATS,
      },
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cs4270_dai);

/*
 * ASoC probe function
 *
 * This function is called when the machine driver calls
 * platform_device_add().
 */
static int cs4270_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
      struct snd_soc_device *socdev = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
      struct snd_soc_codec *codec;
      int ret = 0;

      printk(KERN_INFO "CS4270 ALSA SoC Codec\n");

      /* Allocate enough space for the snd_soc_codec structure
         and our private data together. */
      codec = kzalloc(ALIGN(sizeof(struct snd_soc_codec), 4) +
                  sizeof(struct cs4270_private), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!codec) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: Could not allocate codec structure\n");
            return -ENOMEM;
      }

      mutex_init(&codec->mutex);
      INIT_LIST_HEAD(&codec->dapm_widgets);
      INIT_LIST_HEAD(&codec->dapm_paths);

      codec->name = "CS4270";
      codec->owner = THIS_MODULE;
      codec->dai = &cs4270_dai;
      codec->num_dai = 1;
      codec->private_data = (void *) codec +
            ALIGN(sizeof(struct snd_soc_codec), 4);

      socdev->codec = codec;

      /* Register PCMs */

      ret = snd_soc_new_pcms(socdev, SNDRV_DEFAULT_IDX1, SNDRV_DEFAULT_STR1);
      if (ret < 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: failed to create PCMs\n");
            goto error_free_codec;
      }

#ifdef USE_I2C
      cs4270_socdev = socdev;

      ret = i2c_add_driver(&cs4270_i2c_driver);
      if (ret) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: failed to attach driver");
            goto error_free_pcms;
      }

      /* Did we find a CS4270 on the I2C bus? */
      if (codec->control_data) {
            /* Initialize codec ops */
            cs4270_dai.ops.hw_params = cs4270_hw_params;
            cs4270_dai.dai_ops.set_sysclk = cs4270_set_dai_sysclk;
            cs4270_dai.dai_ops.set_fmt = cs4270_set_dai_fmt;
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_SOC_CS4270_HWMUTE
            cs4270_dai.dai_ops.digital_mute = cs4270_mute;
#endif
      } else
            printk(KERN_INFO "cs4270: no I2C device found, "
                  "using stand-alone mode\n");
#else
      printk(KERN_INFO "cs4270: I2C disabled, using stand-alone mode\n");
#endif

      ret = snd_soc_register_card(socdev);
      if (ret < 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "cs4270: failed to register card\n");
            goto error_del_driver;
      }

      return 0;

error_del_driver:
#ifdef USE_I2C
      i2c_del_driver(&cs4270_i2c_driver);

error_free_pcms:
#endif
      snd_soc_free_pcms(socdev);

error_free_codec:
      kfree(socdev->codec);
      socdev->codec = NULL;

      return ret;
}

static int cs4270_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
      struct snd_soc_device *socdev = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);

      snd_soc_free_pcms(socdev);

#ifdef USE_I2C
      i2c_del_driver(&cs4270_i2c_driver);
#endif

      kfree(socdev->codec);
      socdev->codec = NULL;

      return 0;
}

/*
 * ASoC codec device structure
 *
 * Assign this variable to the codec_dev field of the machine driver's
 * snd_soc_device structure.
 */
struct snd_soc_codec_device soc_codec_device_cs4270 = {
      .probe =    cs4270_probe,
      .remove =   cs4270_remove
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(soc_codec_device_cs4270);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Timur Tabi <timur@freescale.com>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Cirrus Logic CS4270 ALSA SoC Codec Driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

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