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Sourcecode: alsa-driver version File versions

sound.c

/*
 *  Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
 *  Copyright (c) by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
 *
 *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *   (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *   GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
 *
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <sound/core.h>
#include <sound/minors.h>
#include <sound/info.h>
#include <sound/version.h>
#include <sound/control.h>
#include <sound/initval.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>

#define SNDRV_OS_MINORS 256

static int major = CONFIG_SND_MAJOR;
int snd_major;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_major);

static int cards_limit = 1;

MODULE_AUTHOR("Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Advanced Linux Sound Architecture driver for soundcards.");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
module_param(major, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(major, "Major # for sound driver.");
module_param(cards_limit, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(cards_limit, "Count of auto-loadable soundcards.");
MODULE_ALIAS_CHARDEV_MAJOR(CONFIG_SND_MAJOR);

/* this one holds the actual max. card number currently available.
 * as default, it's identical with cards_limit option.  when more
 * modules are loaded manually, this limit number increases, too.
 */
int snd_ecards_limit;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_ecards_limit);

static struct snd_minor *snd_minors[SNDRV_OS_MINORS];
static DEFINE_MUTEX(sound_mutex);

#ifdef CONFIG_KMOD

/**
 * snd_request_card - try to load the card module
 * @card: the card number
 *
 * Tries to load the module "snd-card-X" for the given card number
 * via KMOD.  Returns immediately if already loaded.
 */
void snd_request_card(int card)
{
      if (! current->fs->root)
            return;
      if (snd_card_locked(card))
            return;
      if (card < 0 || card >= cards_limit)
            return;
      request_module("snd-card-%i", card);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_request_card);

static void snd_request_other(int minor)
{
      char *str;

      if (! current->fs->root)
            return;
      switch (minor) {
      case SNDRV_MINOR_SEQUENCER:   str = "snd-seq";  break;
      case SNDRV_MINOR_TIMER:       str = "snd-timer";      break;
      default:                return;
      }
      request_module(str);
}

#endif                        /* request_module support */

/**
 * snd_lookup_minor_data - get user data of a registered device
 * @minor: the minor number
 * @type: device type (SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_XXX)
 *
 * Checks that a minor device with the specified type is registered, and returns
 * its user data pointer.
 */
void *snd_lookup_minor_data(unsigned int minor, int type)
{
      struct snd_minor *mreg;
      void *private_data;

      if (minor >= ARRAY_SIZE(snd_minors))
            return NULL;
      mutex_lock(&sound_mutex);
      mreg = snd_minors[minor];
      if (mreg && mreg->type == type)
            private_data = mreg->private_data;
      else
            private_data = NULL;
      mutex_unlock(&sound_mutex);
      return private_data;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_lookup_minor_data);

static int snd_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
      unsigned int minor = iminor(inode);
      struct snd_minor *mptr = NULL;
      const struct file_operations *old_fops;
      int err = 0;

      if (minor >= ARRAY_SIZE(snd_minors))
            return -ENODEV;
      mptr = snd_minors[minor];
      if (mptr == NULL) {
#ifdef CONFIG_KMOD
            int dev = SNDRV_MINOR_DEVICE(minor);
            if (dev == SNDRV_MINOR_CONTROL) {
                  /* /dev/aloadC? */
                  int card = SNDRV_MINOR_CARD(minor);
                  if (snd_cards[card] == NULL)
                        snd_request_card(card);
            } else if (dev == SNDRV_MINOR_GLOBAL) {
                  /* /dev/aloadSEQ */
                  snd_request_other(minor);
            }
#ifndef CONFIG_SND_DYNAMIC_MINORS
            /* /dev/snd/{controlC?,seq} */
            mptr = snd_minors[minor];
            if (mptr == NULL)
#endif
#endif
                  return -ENODEV;
      }
      old_fops = file->f_op;
      file->f_op = fops_get(mptr->f_ops);
      if (file->f_op->open)
            err = file->f_op->open(inode, file);
      if (err) {
            fops_put(file->f_op);
            file->f_op = fops_get(old_fops);
      }
      fops_put(old_fops);
      return err;
}

static const struct file_operations snd_fops =
{
      .owner =    THIS_MODULE,
      .open =           snd_open
};

#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DYNAMIC_MINORS
static int snd_find_free_minor(void)
{
      int minor;

      for (minor = 0; minor < ARRAY_SIZE(snd_minors); ++minor) {
            /* skip minors still used statically for autoloading devices */
            if (SNDRV_MINOR_DEVICE(minor) == SNDRV_MINOR_CONTROL ||
                minor == SNDRV_MINOR_SEQUENCER)
                  continue;
            if (!snd_minors[minor])
                  return minor;
      }
      return -EBUSY;
}
#else
static int snd_kernel_minor(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev)
{
      int minor;

      switch (type) {
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_SEQUENCER:
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_TIMER:
            minor = type;
            break;
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_CONTROL:
            snd_assert(card != NULL, return -EINVAL);
            minor = SNDRV_MINOR(card->number, type);
            break;
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_HWDEP:
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_RAWMIDI:
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_PLAYBACK:
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_CAPTURE:
            snd_assert(card != NULL, return -EINVAL);
            minor = SNDRV_MINOR(card->number, type + dev);
            break;
      default:
            return -EINVAL;
      }
      snd_assert(minor >= 0 && minor < SNDRV_OS_MINORS, return -EINVAL);
      return minor;
}
#endif

/**
 * snd_register_device_for_dev - Register the ALSA device file for the card
 * @type: the device type, SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_XXX
 * @card: the card instance
 * @dev: the device index
 * @f_ops: the file operations
 * @private_data: user pointer for f_ops->open()
 * @name: the device file name
 * @device: the &struct device to link this new device to
 *
 * Registers an ALSA device file for the given card.
 * The operators have to be set in reg parameter.
 *
 * Returns zero if successful, or a negative error code on failure.
 */
int snd_register_device_for_dev(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev,
                        const struct file_operations *f_ops,
                        void *private_data,
                        const char *name, struct device *device)
{
      int minor;
      struct snd_minor *preg;

      snd_assert(name, return -EINVAL);
      preg = kmalloc(sizeof *preg, GFP_KERNEL);
      if (preg == NULL)
            return -ENOMEM;
      preg->type = type;
      preg->card = card ? card->number : -1;
      preg->device = dev;
      preg->f_ops = f_ops;
      preg->private_data = private_data;
      mutex_lock(&sound_mutex);
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DYNAMIC_MINORS
      minor = snd_find_free_minor();
#else
      minor = snd_kernel_minor(type, card, dev);
      if (minor >= 0 && snd_minors[minor])
            minor = -EBUSY;
#endif
      if (minor < 0) {
            mutex_unlock(&sound_mutex);
            kfree(preg);
            return minor;
      }
      snd_minors[minor] = preg;
      preg->dev = device_create(sound_class, device, MKDEV(major, minor),
                          "%s", name);
      if (IS_ERR(preg->dev)) {
            snd_minors[minor] = NULL;
            mutex_unlock(&sound_mutex);
            minor = PTR_ERR(preg->dev);
            kfree(preg);
            return minor;
      }

      if (preg->dev)
            dev_set_drvdata(preg->dev, private_data);

      mutex_unlock(&sound_mutex);
      return 0;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_register_device_for_dev);

/* find the matching minor record
 * return the index of snd_minor, or -1 if not found
 */
static int find_snd_minor(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev)
{
      int cardnum, minor;
      struct snd_minor *mptr;

      cardnum = card ? card->number : -1;
      for (minor = 0; minor < ARRAY_SIZE(snd_minors); ++minor)
            if ((mptr = snd_minors[minor]) != NULL &&
                mptr->type == type &&
                mptr->card == cardnum &&
                mptr->device == dev)
                  return minor;
      return -1;
}

/**
 * snd_unregister_device - unregister the device on the given card
 * @type: the device type, SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_XXX
 * @card: the card instance
 * @dev: the device index
 *
 * Unregisters the device file already registered via
 * snd_register_device().
 *
 * Returns zero if sucecessful, or a negative error code on failure
 */
int snd_unregister_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev)
{
      int minor;

      mutex_lock(&sound_mutex);
      minor = find_snd_minor(type, card, dev);
      if (minor < 0) {
            mutex_unlock(&sound_mutex);
            return -EINVAL;
      }

      device_destroy(sound_class, MKDEV(major, minor));

      kfree(snd_minors[minor]);
      snd_minors[minor] = NULL;
      mutex_unlock(&sound_mutex);
      return 0;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_unregister_device);

int snd_add_device_sysfs_file(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev,
                        struct device_attribute *attr)
{
      int minor, ret = -EINVAL;
      struct device *d;

      mutex_lock(&sound_mutex);
      minor = find_snd_minor(type, card, dev);
      if (minor >= 0 && (d = snd_minors[minor]->dev) != NULL)
            ret = device_create_file(d, attr);
      mutex_unlock(&sound_mutex);
      return ret;

}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_add_device_sysfs_file);

#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
/*
 *  INFO PART
 */

static struct snd_info_entry *snd_minor_info_entry;

static const char *snd_device_type_name(int type)
{
      switch (type) {
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_CONTROL:
            return "control";
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_HWDEP:
            return "hardware dependent";
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_RAWMIDI:
            return "raw midi";
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_PLAYBACK:
            return "digital audio playback";
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_CAPTURE:
            return "digital audio capture";
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_SEQUENCER:
            return "sequencer";
      case SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_TIMER:
            return "timer";
      default:
            return "?";
      }
}

static void snd_minor_info_read(struct snd_info_entry *entry, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
{
      int minor;
      struct snd_minor *mptr;

      mutex_lock(&sound_mutex);
      for (minor = 0; minor < SNDRV_OS_MINORS; ++minor) {
            if (!(mptr = snd_minors[minor]))
                  continue;
            if (mptr->card >= 0) {
                  if (mptr->device >= 0)
                        snd_iprintf(buffer, "%3i: [%2i-%2i]: %s\n",
                                  minor, mptr->card, mptr->device,
                                  snd_device_type_name(mptr->type));
                  else
                        snd_iprintf(buffer, "%3i: [%2i]   : %s\n",
                                  minor, mptr->card,
                                  snd_device_type_name(mptr->type));
            } else
                  snd_iprintf(buffer, "%3i:        : %s\n", minor,
                            snd_device_type_name(mptr->type));
      }
      mutex_unlock(&sound_mutex);
}

int __init snd_minor_info_init(void)
{
      struct snd_info_entry *entry;

      entry = snd_info_create_module_entry(THIS_MODULE, "devices", NULL);
      if (entry) {
            entry->c.text.read = snd_minor_info_read;
            if (snd_info_register(entry) < 0) {
                  snd_info_free_entry(entry);
                  entry = NULL;
            }
      }
      snd_minor_info_entry = entry;
      return 0;
}

int __exit snd_minor_info_done(void)
{
      snd_info_free_entry(snd_minor_info_entry);
      return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */

/*
 *  INIT PART
 */

static int __init alsa_sound_init(void)
{
      snd_major = major;
      snd_ecards_limit = cards_limit;
      if (register_chrdev(major, "alsa", &snd_fops)) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unable to register native major device number %d\n", major);
            return -EIO;
      }
      if (snd_info_init() < 0) {
            unregister_chrdev(major, "alsa");
            return -ENOMEM;
      }
      snd_info_minor_register();
#ifndef MODULE
      printk(KERN_INFO "Advanced Linux Sound Architecture Driver Version " CONFIG_SND_VERSION CONFIG_SND_DATE ".\n");
#endif
      return 0;
}

static void __exit alsa_sound_exit(void)
{
      snd_info_minor_unregister();
      snd_info_done();
      unregister_chrdev(major, "alsa");
}

module_init(alsa_sound_init)
module_exit(alsa_sound_exit)

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